Obesity surgery fundamentally depends on two principles: the decreasing of stomach volume, and/or ‘malabsorption,’ i.e. the prevention of food absorption in certain stages. These operations are lifesaving when performed on the right patient at the right time.
FOR WHOM IS OBESITY SURGERY SUITABLE?
Obesity surgery is suggested to patients with body mass indexes of 35 and above who cannot lose weight with programs such as specialist-controlled medical nutrition, exercise, or medical therapy. It is also recommended for patients with body mass indexes above 30 who also suffer from conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes, and sleep apnea that negatively affect life quality. The decision on the type of operation to perform is made following various examinations and observations done by specialists.
It is advised that fertile women planning to have a baby in the near future to consult their doctors before doing so as pregnancy is not recommended within the first twenty-four months following obesity surgery.
The following methods are performed in general for obesity surgery and all present patients with a more comfortable recovery period than open surgery through the use of laparoscopic or robotic surgery methods that use only small incisions.