Periodontology is known to be a treatment of gingival diseases. It is the procedure that involves the treatment of diseases in the supporting tissues, i.e. the jaw bone, gums, tissues connecting the teeth to the bone, and adjacent tooth surfaces. Periodontal diseases are some sort of inflammatory diseases affecting the gums and the other tissues that support the teeth. When diagnosed at an early stage, such diseases can be treated very easily. Periodontal diseases affect the majority of the population. However, they are diseases with results and effects that advance sneaky.  A healthy gum looks slightly rough, and its border with the tooth is even and pink colored. A healthy gum does not bleed during brushing or eating. Periodontal diseases show their effect with gingival inflammation. A periodontal disease keeps advancing unless it is treated. During this process, the bone supporting the gums and teeth may cause damage.

What is Periodontitis?

Periodontitis is a more advanced form of periodontal diseases. Damage occurs in the tissues that support the teeth, as well as in the alveolar bone. As the disease progresses, the teeth begin get loose to an extent that requires extraction.

What are the signs and symptoms of periodontal diseases?

Their most obvious signs and symptoms include bad breath, gingival recession, loose teeth, sensitivity, gingival bleeding, inability of the teeth to interlock as in the past, newly emerged gaps between the teeth, sores in the mouth, and swelling and redness in the gums.

How can I prevent periodontal diseases?

First of all, the bacteria plaque should be regularly removed from the teeth on a daily basis, by means of a tooth brush, dental floss, and chemical products. Besides these, you should also regularly visit your dentist because tartar develops in areas unreachable by toothbrush and dental floss. Your dentist will make an oral care plan special for you, and carry out the required procedure.

How are gingival diseases treated?

Treatment of a gingival disease begins with the removal of dental plaques and tartar from the teeth in the early period. Surgical treatment can also be applied in advanced cases. In such a surgical treatment, tartar on the deeper spaces surrounding the teeth, which are called periodontal pockets, are cleaned, the pocket is eliminated with shrinkage method, a proper tooth surface is achieved, and a gingival form that can be easily cleaned is created. After periodontal treatment, the patient should be examined by the dentist and the required controls should be made on a regular basis.